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Bibliography file

, May 2015

References: AU engagement gap in Fragile and Conflict-Affected Contexts: A case of Mali

  • 1. Kofi Anan, 1998, « The Causes of Conflict and the Promotion of Durable Peace and Sustainable Development in Africa, » Report of the Secretary-General of the United Nations to the Security Council (A/52/871-S/1998/318).

  • 2. Barbara F Walter: Designing Transitions from Violent Civil War.

  • 3. Joseph, R (2013) Discordant Development and Insecurity in Africa: Foresight in Africa: Top Priorities for the Continent in 2013, Africa Growth Initiative.

  • 4. Welch, C.  Jr., (1991) ‘The Organisation of African Unity and the promotion of human rights’, Journal of Modern African Studies, 29(4).

  • 5. Williams, P. D. (2007) From non-intervention to non-indifference: the origins and development of the African Union’s security culture. African Affairs, 106 (423), pp.253-279.

  • 6. African Governance Report III 2013

  • 7. Klute, Georg/Embaló, Birgit, 2011: «Introduction: Violence and Local Modes of Conflict Resolution in Heterarchical Figurations ». In: Klute, Georg/Embaló, Birgit (eds.): The Problem of Violence. Local Conflict Settlement in Contemporary Africa. Köln: Koeppe, 1–27.

  • 8. accessed on 3-5-2015

  • 9. accessed on 3-5-2015

Related articles

  • Analysis file: African Union engagement gap in Fragile and Conflict-Affected Contexts: A case of Mali

    Regional imbalances explains the latest conflict in 2012 with the roots dating back to the 1960s. AU’s Peace Security Council emerged as the central pillar of the African Peace and Security architecture (APSA) and became focus of collective security decisions by Africa. The article aims to provide critical review and counterview to establish important nuances that have specific emphases on engagement of AU in fragile contexts.

    Joel Okundi OBENGO, Kenya, May 2015