a website of resources for peace is a documentary website whose purpose is to promote an exchange of knowledge and know-how at the service of the construction of an Art of peace.
This website is coordinated by
Modus Operandi


Bibliography file

, Mauritania, May 2013

References: The sustainable livelihoods approach as a transformation tool for the Western Sahara conflict

  • Agyeman, J. (2005) Sustainable Communities and the Challenge of Environmental Justice. New York University Press.

  • Bhatia, M.(2001) Western Sahara under Polisario Control: Summary Report of Field Mission to the Sahrawi Refugee Camps [online] (URL [Accessed 9 January 2013]

  • Brock, K. (2001) Implementing a sustainable livelihoods framework for policy-directed research-Reflections from practice in Mali. Working paper 90. London: IDS.

  • Conway, C. (2004) Refugee Livelihoods – A Case Study of the Gambia. EPAU/2004/11. Geneva: UN HCR Evaluation and Policy Analysis Unit.

  • Corsellis, T. and Vitale, A.(2005) Transitional settlement displaced populations. Cambridge: University Press.

  • Committee of the United Nations (2012) The Legal Issues Involved In The Western Sahara Dispute - The Principle of Self-Determination and the Legal Claims of Morocco. New York: UN.

  • Crisis Group (2007) Western Sahara – Out of the Impasse. Middle East/North Africa Report N°66. pp. 4- 27.

  • Darbouche, H. and Colombo, S. (2010) The EU, Civil Society and Conflict Transformation in Western Sahara: The Failure of Disengagement. MICROCON Policy Working Paper 13, Brighton: MICROCON.

  • Development Study Group (2002) The Sustainable Livelihood Approach - Input Paper for the Integrated Training Course of NCCR. Aeschiried : University of Zurich.

  • DFID (1999) Sustainable Livelihoods Guidance Sheets [online] (URL [Accessed 13 January 2013]

  • EfD (2008) Rural Livelihoods, Poverty,and the Millennium Development Goals - Evidence from Ethiopian Survey Data. Environment for Development. Discussion Paper Series. EfD DP 08-07. pp. 3 – 28.

  • FAO (2012) The food and nutrition crisis in the Sahel - Urgent action to support the resilience of vulnerable populations. Regional Strategic Response Framework. [online] (URL [Accessed 2 January 2013]

  • Hussein, K.(2002). Livelihoods Approaches Compared: A Multi-Agency Review of Current Practice. London: DfID.

  • Hines, D. and Balletto, R. (2002) Assessment of Needs of Internally Displaced Persons in Colombia. Working Paper 189. London: ODI.

  • Holifield, R. and Porter, M. and Walker, G. (eds). (2010) Spaces of Environmental Justice. London: Wiley-Blackwell.

  • ISDR (2010) Guidance Note on Recovery. International Livelihood. [online] (URL [accessed 29 November 2012]

  • Map No. 3691 Rev. 62 (2002) Cartographic Section, Department of Field Support : United Nations [online] (URL [Accessed 9January 2013]

  • McDougal, T. (2006). Development During Crisis - Promoting Asset-Building in Protracted Refugee Situations. MIT International Review. , pp. 21-38.

  • Oxfam (n.d.) Western Sahara. [online] (URL [Accessed 15 January 2013]

  • Pearson, J. (2011) Creative Capacity Development : Learning to Adapt in Development Practice. Kumarian Press.

  • Rights on the move - Refugees, asylum-seekers, migrants and the internally displaced (2004). Index N. POL 33/001/2004. London: Amnesty International.

  • Scoones, I. (2009) Livelihoods perspectives and rural development. Journal of Peasant Studies. Vol. 36, No. 1,p. 1 -26.

  • Sen, A. (2010) The Idea of Justice. Harvard University Press.

  • Stites. E (2006). Movement as a livelihood and protective strategy in northern Uganda. Humanitarian. Humanitarian Exchange Magazine. Issue 36., pp. 4-18.

  • UN General Assembly (2009) Question of Western Sahara : report of the Secretary-General. [online] (URL [accessed 11 November 2012]

  • SIDA (2001) The Sustainable Livelihood Approach to Poverty Reduction. [online] (URL [Accessed 2 January 2013]

  • SLED (2008) A Manual for Practitioners. International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources.

  • Smith, D.V. FMO Country Guide: Western Sahara. [online] (URL [Accessed 11 January 2013]

  • Smith, M. (2009) Stonewalling on Refugee Rights: Algeria and the Sahrawi. [online] (URL ) [Accessed 14 January 2013]

  • UN Brussels (2009) Improving Lives. [online] (URL [Accessed 14 January 2013]

  • UNDP (1997) Promoting Sustainable Livelihoods: A Briefing Note Submitted to the Executive Committee. New York: United Nations.

  • UNHCR (2013) Regional operations profile – North Africa. [online] (URL [Accessed 14 January 2013]

  • UNHCR(2006) Refugee livelihoods - A review of the evidence. [online] (URL [Accessed 14 January 2013]

  • Wilson, A. (2011) Cycles of crisis, migration and the formation of new political identities in Western Sahara. Paris: CEPED.

  • Zimmerer, K., and Bassett, T.J. (2012) Political Ecology. Durham: Wiley-Blackwell.

  • Zoubir, Y.D. (2010). The Western Sahara conflict – regional and international repercussions. Concerned Africa Scholars. Bulletin n.85. pp. 72-81.

Related articles